The Health Researcher’s Toolkit: Why Sex & Gender Matter

To produce robust and useful findings, it is critical to integrate considerations of sex and gender in health research studies. Yet, it is not always easy to figure out how best to do this when study methods can vary so widely.

The seven modules included in this toolkit introduce key concepts, definitions, and short video lectures from research experts on integrating sex and gender into a variety of research methodologies – from secondary data analysis to concept mapping. Case studies, knowledge reviews, and short quizzes all help reinforce the described steps and strategies.

Activism and Evidence
An historical review of the ongoing struggle for equitable health care access in Canada.
Why do Sex and Gender Matter?
Definitions and their correct usage are integral to improving health services, clinical care, and research.
Case Study: Sex and Gender Disparities in Access to Care and Outcomes Related to Joint Replacement
Inclusive Sex and Gender Data Collection in Survey Research
The importance of acknowledging sex and gender diversity and designing appropriate data collection tools.
Sex-Specific Analyses and Reporting in Clinical Trials
Appraising sex-specific group analyses in clinical trial data and the importance of reporting outcomes by sex.
Integrated Mixed Methods
Using qualitative and quantitative methods to capture the experiences of LGBTQ2S identified persons in accessing home care.
Case Study: Surveying Challenges with LGBTQ2S Homeless Youth

Concept Mapping: Gendered Perceptions of Intimate Partner Violence
A novel method used to explore gender differences in understanding and perceptions of abusive relationships.
Beyond Sex and Gender: Making Research More Participatory for Vulnerable Populations
Examining strategies to strengthen collaborative research with vulnerable, marginalized or socially excluded communities.